Dental implants are one of the best methods used to replace missing teeth. They both look like a natural tooth and can be just as functional. Of course, not everyone can use the method. For example, the effect of smoking on dental implants can affect the place where the base of the implant is connected to the bone by affecting the healing of the wound and cause problems in the process of fusion of the implant with the bone. In this article, we are going to fully investigate the effect of smoking on implants.
Table of Contents
This issue should be examined from different aspects. As you know, smoking and generally using any kind of tobacco has bad effects on healthy teeth. Therefore, people who smoke a lot and do not take proper care of their teeth may need implants or even dentures at a young age.
Because of the harmful effects of nicotine, tobacco and smoke, many smokers cannot even get implants. This issue has various causes that we have examined below.
Smoking causes smoke to circulate in your mouth. This issue leads to damage to the tissues inside the mouth. To the extent that the effect on the salivary glands of a smoker will reduce the secretion of saliva and dry mouth. Dry mouth and lack of saliva have many negative effects.
All these things are important. But the weakening of the tissue of the gums and jaw bones is one of the effects of smoking on the implant. For implantation, a person must have healthy gums and bones, which are associated with weaknesses in a smoker.
In general, nicotine weakens the body’s immune system. It also reduces blood flow and blood oxygen levels in the body. As you know, implant implantation requires surgery. Healing of wounds after surgery is also the responsibility of the immune system. So when nicotine is present in the body, wounds take longer to heal. They may not even be repaired at all. Therefore, the possibility of infection increases. This is not the only effect of smoking on implants. It is generally a barrier to all surgical procedures that require incisions or are invasive.
This is also the effect of smoking on implants. As we said in the previous part, with the presence of nicotine, blood flow and oxygen in it decreases. On the other hand, the implant must be combined with the patient’s jawbone and, in other words, be welded so that the patient can use the implant. If not welded, the implant or the jawbone may be damaged. Also, the patient faces problems in the process of chewing. Clinical trials have shown that the bones of smokers heal later than those of other people. Therefore, this issue can also pose a serious problem for smokers.
If you are a smoker and you are planning to have implants, pay attention to the following factors.
The best answer to this question is “never”. But in any case, some people are addicted to smoking and are unable to quit. We mentioned this issue in the previous section. Try to stop smoking two weeks before the implant surgery. Continue this stop for three months after the operation. After three months, think that if you have gone three months without smoking, then you can quit for good!
In the first few days after surgery, the immune system uses blood clots to partially close the wound to prevent bleeding or contamination. Dissolving this blood clot or contaminating it is one of the types of effects of smoking on dental implants. Therefore, it is recommended not to smoke at all for three days after surgery. Otherwise, the patient may suffer from painful infections. In addition to smoking, spitting and sucking should not be done during these three days.
Electronic cigarettes are one of the ways that people use to quit smoking. But in any case, they are still smokers and the effect of smoking on dental implants is negative! E-cigarettes have a small heating unit that turns the liquid into vapor, and the person inhales a vapor of nicotine and other chemicals. Steam is not as harmful as smoke. But the mouth is still dry. Therefore, it does not help the wound healing process after implant placement. It may even cause tooth decay. Of course, the harmful effects of electronic cigarettes are much less than traditional types. So if you can replace it with traditional examples, you’ve made things a little better.