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What is toothache and how to get rid of it at home?

Accumulation of biofilm or dental plaque on the edge or on the tooth causes decay and toothache. Therefore, it is necessary to remove these plaques from the teeth daily to prevent tooth decay and pain.

Accumulation of plaque on the tooth makes it easy for the bacteria in it to break down the sugar in food and turn it into acid, causing cavities and toothache. Stay with us with this article from Doctor in Pocket.

Toothache and the cause of its decay

Tooth decay is a major problem in oral health that affects both children and adults.

However, tooth decay occurs more in children and even in milk teeth, which is due to not using a toothbrush regularly, eating too many snacks, and not cleaning the teeth by parents in the first three years of life.

The first signs of the decay process are softening and destruction of a part of the tooth enamel on the surface of the tooth, which over time this part of the enamel weakens and decays until a cavity is created in the tooth and the tooth falls out.

This decay can penetrate to the root of the tooth, which is more common in adults.
Decay causes the acid in food and drinks as well as the bacteria forming dental plaque to react on the surface of the tooth and cause the loss of calcium and phosphate in the tooth enamel.

The accumulation of biofilm or dental plaque on the edge or on the tooth also contributes to the decay process, and the longer this plaque remains on the tooth, the greater the risk of inflammation and tooth decay.

Therefore, these plaques need to be removed from the teeth daily, and the best method for this is brushing.

Accumulation of plaque on the tooth makes it easy for the bacteria in it to break down the sugar in food and turn it into acid, causing cavities and toothache.

Ways to prevent tooth decay and pain

In order to prevent tooth decay, one should avoid the factors that endanger the health of the mouth and teeth, as well as decay and ultimately toothache. These common factors are:

  • Weakness in diet and excessive use of sugary substances such as drinks and sweet foods
  • Smoking and tobacco use
  • Alcohol consumption as well as excessive stress can also affect a person’s health, including the health of teeth and mouth; such as increasing the consumption of alcoholic beverages or smoking or overeating during stress.

Also, daily consumption of milk can have an effective role in reducing tooth decay and pain. Using toothpaste containing fluoride that destroys dental plaques is also one of the ways to prevent tooth decay.

Using mouthwash solutions that contain antiseptic and antibacterial substances can help reduce caries and increase oral and dental health.

Sometimes toothache is caused by nerve problems such as stress and anxiety. Jaw abnormalities may also cause nerve pain.

Neural toothaches are usually severe and occur in a short period of time and suddenly and are resolved immediately.

To treat nerve pain, it is also necessary to pay attention to the diet and avoid foods that damage the tooth enamel. Also, brushing properly and gently is also effective in reducing this pain.

Infectious toothache and its treatment

  • A tooth abscess is caused by a bacterial infection, which also occurs due to tooth decay and cavity, and causes toothache and swelling of the gums. To treat an infectious toothache, the infection must first be eliminated, which is usually done by a doctor and by prescribing appropriate antibiotics.
  • Sometimes it is possible that the root of the tooth is destroyed due to infection, in which case it is necessary to remove the infection by root surgery and breaking the tooth, in this case the tooth cannot be repaired.
  • It is recommended to use a salt water solution to treat an infected toothache at home when access to a specialist doctor is not possible. Dissolve some salt in a cup of water and swirl it in your mouth and gargle and then take it out.
  • Herbal infusions such as thyme, which has many antimicrobial properties, are also sometimes suggested for the treatment of infectious toothache, but scientific news that thyme infusion can play a role in reducing tooth infection has not yet been published.
  • Salt water solution can reduce pain, swelling and inflammation to some extent and for a short time. So, keep in mind that the definitive treatment of an infected toothache must be done by a specialist doctor in order to prevent the recurrence and return of the infection.

Wisdom tooth pain and effective solutions for its treatment

Wisdom tooth pain can have different causes. For example, the wisdom tooth may not have grown in place and is crooked, which causes the wisdom tooth to not fit properly in the mouth and cause an infection around the tooth.
The onset of wisdom tooth pain may be gradual or sudden. Wisdom tooth growth also causes other problems; Such as not having enough space in the jaw and the irregularity and compression of the teeth in the front parts, gum infection and damage to the roots of other teeth, etc. The first and best way to prevent wisdom tooth pain is to remove it before acute problems occur and at a young age.

There are also different methods to relieve wisdom tooth pain; including the use of ice water compress that reduces inflammation in the swollen area and also the use of salt water solution that reduces the amount of pain.

The use of pain relievers such as Gelofen and Ipoprofen is also effective in reducing wisdom tooth pain. However, if the growth of wisdom teeth causes toothache and discomfort, the best and most effective way to reduce the pain is to consult a specialist doctor.

Solutions that help us how to get rid of toothache

According to what was said, toothache has different causes. If your toothache is not caused by a serious problem or you do not have access to a dentist, you can reduce your toothache to a great extent with the following methods.

Use cold water compress

Using an ice pack for 20 minutes on the side of the face and the swollen area greatly helps to reduce the inflammation caused by the toothache. By reducing the inflammation, the toothache is also reduced.

Use of strong pain reliever for toothache

Medicines such as Gelofen, Acetaminophen, Novafen, Mefenamic Acid and Ibuprofen have pain relief properties that are widely used for toothache. Using these painkillers is very effective to reduce toothache at night.
Washing mouth and teeth with salt water solution
Rinsing the mouth with warm salt water reduces toothache temporarily.

Use a hot water bag or a hot pack

If you do not have a hot water bag available, you can prepare a hot pack. Pour some salt or rice into a clean bag or sock and tie it. Then put this pack in the vicinity of heat, for example in the microwave, to heat it up, and then use it as a warm pack in the area of ​​pain and inflammation on the face. This helps to stop the pain signals from the mouth to the brain.

Use of mint tea

Mint has a mild anesthetic effect that reduces toothache for a short period of time. This tea can be swirled in the mouth and gargled. This should be repeated several times. Mint tea bags can also be used for this purpose. For this, put the mint tea bag in the refrigerator for a few minutes to cool down and then put the bag on the pain area.

Use of garlic

Garlic has many antimicrobial and antiviral properties. To use garlic to get rid of toothache, it can be crushed until it becomes sticky and pastey. Then he put this paste on the desired tooth. You can also chew a small clove of garlic on the desired tooth and then remove it from the mouth.

Use of clove plant

Clove plant has anesthetic properties and is used to relieve local pain. You can use clove oil to reduce your toothache. This plant can also be used in the form of powder or extract to eliminate toothache. This plant is one of the best pain relievers to relieve pain, especially toothache.

Use of sesame ointment

You can make a toothache salve using sesame seeds to ease your toothache. In this way, put sesame in some water (water is usually twice the amount of sesame) and put it on the gas flame until some of the water evaporates. Then put the ointment on the pain area.

Using onion as a natural antibiotic

With its germicidal property, onion can act as a natural antibiotic and is effective in reducing toothache. For this purpose, we first cut the onion into pieces and place a few pieces on the desired tooth. After a few minutes, we take out the pieces of onion and again put new pieces of onion on the tooth. We repeat this several times. You can also chew some of the onion with your teeth and then take it out of your mouth.


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