Open bite is a type of malocclusion. This means that when the upper and lower jaws are closed, the teeth are not aligned properly and are not in a normal position. Normally, the front teeth of the upper jaw are about 2 to 3 mm ahead of the front teeth of the lower jaw, and they cover them to some extent. But in open bite, due to some reasons and problems, the distance between the upper and lower jaw teeth in the front and front part of the mouth is too normal.
Open bite will usually be created following the following 4 situations:
Various treatments are available to solve this problem. Dental specialists will provide solutions for open bite treatment based on factors such as the age of the individual or the type of their teeth (milk or permanent). In general, the following 3 methods are solutions to treat this problem:
If you notice that your child has an open bite, take him to a dentist or orthodontist. First of all, by talking directly with children, dentists encourage them to change their habits and behavior. If children follow the dentist’s recommendations and stop sucking their finger or other tools, their problem will be solved over time.
If children’s permanent teeth have erupted but are not fully developed, it is still possible to solve the child’s problem by managing the situation and changing the child’s habits and behavior.
But if the permanent teeth are fully grown and the open bite has not yet been treated, people will need orthodontic treatment. The orthodontist will try to solve the problem with the help of special orthodontic tools.
For people whose permanent teeth are fully erupted, a combination of braces and behavior modification is often recommended. In severe cases, jaw surgery may be performed to move the upper jaw along with the palate. In this method, screws are used.
Other treatments include using an appliance to limit the tongue’s ability to press on the front teeth.
Perhaps the most common reason that prompts people to seek treatment for this problem is the concern of disfiguring the face. Because this problem affects the beauty and natural shape of the face. Other reasons for open bite treatment include:
If you experience any of these complications or discomfort related to this problem, be sure to talk to an orthodontist.
Open bite can be treated at any age. But it should be noted that the best age for treatment is when the permanent teeth have not yet fully grown. Because this problem can be treated with less pain and cost.
Children with an open bite should have a dental evaluation starting around age 7. This age is perhaps the most appropriate age to start some measures, including behavior modification, to prevent progress and increase the distance between the front teeth in the upper and lower jaw.
For adults, treatment is more complicated. You may need a combination of behavioral and orthodontic (such as braces) or even jaw surgery.