One of the best ways to replace missing teeth is using dental implants. This treatment method is considered very suitable for maintaining the beauty of the patients’ faces and has shown the best results so far. One of the most important advantages of a dental implant is that it acts like a natural tooth for the patient. When the root of a person’s tooth is completely destroyed, no restoration can be done on it. In such cases, the best way is to extract teeth and use implants. It should be noted that other methods such as bridges or the use of artificial teeth are also other solutions for patients. Remember that the use of implants, in addition to preserving the beauty of the face, minimizes the amount of bone loss in the dental cavity by preserving the remaining bone.
Implants are made of a precious metal called titanium. This precious metal is made in the form of a base and then placed in the patient’s gum as a tooth root replacement. Titanium is a metal that is compatible with the human body. Therefore, the body does not consider it a foreign body. Therefore, the implant fuses with the bone over time and creates a solid structure. To achieve this goal, we need to wait 3-4 months, depending on which jaw the implant is placed in.
A dental implant consists of a screw-shaped base or fixture and is placed inside the patient’s jawbone during a surgical procedure. This operation is performed under local anesthesia. After that, the implant is welded and fixed with the patient’s jaw bone.
In fact, the fixture acts as an artificial root, and after the necessary time, the artificial crown of the tooth is placed on it. Therefore, the patient’s missing tooth is easily replaced. The event of boiling the fixed fat of the bone is necessary for its stability. If the fusion process of the implant with the bone is not complete, the implant will be loose and the treatment will fail.
Currently, many brands are producing implants. Among these countries, we can mention Korea, Switzerland, America, France and Germany. These countries have been leaders in the production of implants and have been engaged in its mass production since the very beginning of dental implant design. The differences between different brands of dental implants in the countries that produce them are the design of the implant surface, the design of the abutment connection and prosthetic parts.
The best dental implant is the product that is most compatible with the jaw bone. Also, its surface should be designed in such a way as to attract bone to the surface of the implant. When choosing the type of implant, you should pay attention to the fact that the most expensive product is not necessarily the best type. In the following, we have stated the most important points that you should keep in mind when choosing a product.
The first goal of placing an implant is to fill the empty tooth space and maintain the beauty of the person’s face. This is usually the reason why most people choose this treatment at young and middle age. In addition, the proper function of the implant makes the person not have problems with speaking and he has the ability to chew different foods.
The implant is even useful for adjacent teeth and prevents the loss of the patient’s jaw bone. But if it is used with incorrect methods or by inexperienced people, it causes many complications for the person.
Using an implant does not harm other teeth. There is no need to even shave the adjacent teeth. The implant screw is placed only in the place of the tooth that has already been extracted. Then the cover is installed on it. Therefore, the process of implanting a dental implant has nothing to do with the adjacent teeth of the patient.
In the first stage, the root of the remaining tooth is removed, and then the jaw bone is prepared for implant placement. After preparation, the implant is placed inside the jaw bone. In the next step, which is performed by a Prosthodontist in Canada or restorative specialist, the healing is connected to the implant. At the end, the molding of the dental implant is done and then the implant cover is installed.
In some cases, the patient’s jawbone cannot accept a dental implant for various reasons. One of the most important reasons for this issue is the passage of time since the previous tooth extraction, fracture due to an accident, etc. In fact, these factors make the jaw bone weak and unable to accept the implant.
The doctor needs the proper density of the jaw bone to place a successful implant. Otherwise, the implant will not fuse with the jaw bone and will become loose in a short period of time. In this case, the treatment will fail. In such cases, the density and height of the jaw bone in that area is increased at first with existing methods.
If you need a bone graft, the best choice for this is some of the patient’s own bone. Some of the chin bone, or the ascending branch of the lower jaw, or the tuberosity area of the upper jaw are considered for bone graft harvesting. If more bone graft is needed, at this stage, the maxillofacial surgeon will use the pelvic bone as a source of bone supply. He removes the mandible bone and uses it for transplantation, which requires hospitalization and surgery under complete anesthesia. In some cases, it is possible to use artificial materials and bone powder prepared from the bone bank to strengthen the existing bone.
As mentioned, beauty and comfort are two important features of using dental implants. Another advantage is the high resistance of the implant. People who have used this method can use this method of replacing lost teeth in the best possible way by always observing oral and dental hygiene. Of course, implant care and hygiene require more care than natural teeth. For example, you should clean food particles and plaques from the gums around the implant to prevent any bacterial infection. The result will be infection, bone destruction and implant loosening. In the following, we have mentioned some important points about dental implant care.
The side effects of dental implants are very limited. In rare cases, complications such as infection and tooth fracture may cause the loss of the implant. Another rare side effect is damage to the lower jaw nerve, which leads to numbness of the lower lip and chin. Also, if this device is used crookedly, it will damage the roots of the adjacent teeth or its base will enter the maxillary sinus. Of course, in replacing the maxillary back teeth, in many cases, we need to move the floor of the maxillary sinus, which is a good and frequent procedure. If necessary, it is performed by a specialist in oral and maxillofacial surgery.
However, the success rate of implant placement is more than 95% in most cases. In the end, we must remind you that the most important point that you should pay attention to is choosing an experienced and expert surgeon and implant specialist.