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What is a dental cyst and what are its symptoms?

Dental cyst refers to swollen and closed cavities where infection and non-infectious substances are accumulated. This dental cyst may occur in any part of the mouth. Cysts often appear in the gums, soft tissue of the mouth, lips, and sometimes around the teeth. The good news is that these cysts are non-cancerous and you can visit a dentist in Canada to treat them.
Although the dental cyst is benign and non-cancerous, it is sometimes aggressive and progressive. Therefore, it may involve the adjacent teeth and jaw bone and sometimes the oral tissue as well. So do not hesitate to treat these cysts.
If this cyst occurs in the teeth and in the root area, it is necessary to see a dental hygienist to perform the necessary treatments to eliminate these painful cysts.

What are the signs and symptoms of oral cysts?

Oral cysts have signs and symptoms that warn you to seek treatment before it worsens. The more severe these symptoms are, the more advanced the disease is. Among the most important signs that you can find out about the presence of a cyst in the mouth are the following:

  • Toothache
  • Pressure in the cystic area
  • Inflammation and redness of the tissue involved
  • One of the most important symptoms that indicate the presence of cysts in the mouth is that if these cavities are in the soft tissue of the mouth, they appear in the form of blisters or ulcers.

What are the types of dental and oral cysts?

There are different types of oral and dental cysts, each of which requires special treatment methods. The most common types of cysts in the mouth and teeth are:


This type is also called follicular cyst. Mostly these cysts appear near the crown of wisdom teeth. The best preventive treatment for this type of cyst is wisdom tooth extraction.


It is another type of cyst that occurs at the bottom of the tooth and near the root. In the situation where the tooth nerve is destroyed, a slow pulp infection occurs. This type of cyst can often be an abscess.


Mucocele or mucous cysts often appear in the oral mucosa. In this type of cyst, the inner surface of the cheek, lips or tongue are involved. The main reason can be pressure, irritation or impact on this part of the oral tissues.


It is one of the other types of dental cysts that appear in the jaw bone. Although its occurrence rate is very limited, it grows and grows a lot when it occurs.

It is difficult to identify these cysts compared to other types.

How are cysts diagnosed?

Cysts can be diagnosed visually based on their type and symptoms. Otherwise, according to the dentist’s prescription, these cysts can be identified by X-ray imaging.
In cases where the cyst has grown more than 2 cm and has cancerous symptoms, the specialist tries to diagnose the type of cyst by sampling. Also, if the cysts have grown in the area of the jaw bone, necessary photographs are taken with a CT scan or MRI.

What complications does a dental cyst cause?

A dental cyst is accompanied by complications for the patient, which if not treated can lead to the loss of parts of the jaw bone and teeth. In more advanced cases, even these cysts can endanger the patient’s health. In any case, dental recommendations emphasize on speeding up the treatment of oral and dental cysts so that the patient suffers the least amount of pain and suffering.

The most important complications of dental cysts include the following:

  • Infection in the tooth area
  • Tooth loss and need for tooth extraction
  • Occurrence of benign appendages in the jaw
  • Causing a fracture in the jaw

What are the treatment methods for oral and dental cysts?

One of the most important concerns of patients with oral and dental tissue cysts is knowing the methods of treating these cysts. In response to this issue, the most important point in choosing a treatment method is the rate of progress and the type of cyst.

Many of these cysts are drained with simple surgery and local anesthesia. In this method, the problem is solved with the fastest possible method and without damaging the tissues adjacent to the cyst. But another method that expert surgeons choose is marsupialization surgery, in which the cyst is opened and its infectious and waste materials are removed. After that, by suturing parts of the cyst, they prevent it from getting bigger in the future.

Keep in mind that if the cyst in the area of the tooth has destroyed the nerve of the root, nerve extraction is necessary and undeniable. However, before any procedure, the dentist makes sure of the size and location of the cyst by taking photographs and CT scans. Finally, he chooses the best method and acts for treatment.


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