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Reasons and methods of tooth extraction

Tooth extraction is one of the treatment methods in the field of mouth and teeth, which is usually proposed as the last suggestion by the doctor. When a tooth is damaged, broken or decayed, the dentist in Canada performs restoration work. If the tooth damage is very deep, there is no possibility of treatment and the tooth can no longer be used, it will be extracted by the doctor.

The use of anesthesia, the doctor’s experience and the type of tooth extraction performed by the dentist have a great effect on the amount of pain and damage caused to the gums. In the following, we will talk about the treatment and its steps.

What is the cause of tooth extraction?

First, we must see why we need to pull the tooth and at what stage the tooth needs to be pulled? Some of the most important reasons that force a person to pull teeth are described below.

Infection and tooth decay

When the tooth has a high rate of decay and infection, the doctor performs various treatments such as tooth filling, root treatment and restorative methods. But if the level of infection and decay is so high that it is not possible to perform any of these treatment methods, the tooth is extracted.

Sometimes the tooth is filled by the doctor and after some time it gets damaged again. If it is not possible to treat the root again, the doctor will extract the tooth.

Damage to the tooth

If a person breaks a tooth in an accident, in such a way that the amount of the remaining root is very small and weak and it is not possible to place the dentin, the tooth is completely extracted. In this case, after tooth extraction, methods such as implants are used.

Tooth extraction for orthodontic treatment

When a person intends to undergo orthodontic treatment, the teeth and their placement conditions are checked by the dentist. If the person has extra teeth and there is not enough space for the teeth to be arranged next to each other, the doctor will extract the teeth.

Gum diseases

Sometimes severe gum diseases cause deep damage to teeth and gums. Over time, these diseases destroy bone and gum tissue and loosen teeth. In situations where the treatment by the gum surgeon is no longer working and the tooth cannot be used, it is extracted by the dentist.

Methods of tooth extraction

To extract a patient’s tooth, several steps are performed by the dentist. First, a photo is taken of the patient’s mouth and teeth to determine the condition of the teeth. After that, the doctor completely anesthetizes the tooth, gum, bone, and surrounding tissues by injecting medicine to prepare the conditions for tooth extraction. Tooth extraction has different methods, which we will discuss in detail below.

Pull tooth

In this method, which is the simplest method of tooth extraction, the tooth is first completely numbed. After that, the doctor slowly moves the tooth around with the help of a special device. After that, the tooth becomes completely loose and can be easily removed from the gum.

Surgical tooth extraction

If the tooth has not fully erupted from the gum line or has not yet fully grown, it will require surgery to be extracted. In this method, the doctor completely drains the area around the tooth by making different cuts.

In this method, after anesthesia, the dentist cuts the patient’s gums with a tool called a scalpel. Then he separates the gum from around the mouth and after completely emptying around the tooth, loosens the root of the tooth. If necessary, the tooth is divided into several pieces, otherwise it is removed completely. The surgical site is completely cleaned and bandaged to prevent bleeding. Pain after tooth extraction is normal to some extent, but if it becomes too much, it is better to inform your doctor.

Use of lasers

In the mentioned methods, the gum tissue around the mouth is usually damaged. The use of laser is usually gentler and causes less damage to the gums and jawbone. Of course, this method cannot be used to extract all the teeth. For example, it is not possible to remove wisdom teeth with the help of a laser.

In this method, the threads that connect the tooth to the bone are separated with the help of a laser. After that, the tooth can be easily removed. In this method, the amount of bleeding is very low.

Pain after tooth extraction

After tooth extraction, the tooth may be bleeding and painful for some time. The dentist will bandage the tooth for you to stop the bleeding completely. If you take the necessary care and advice, the toothache will be greatly reduced. Using painkillers and antibacterial mouthwash can greatly improve your pain.

Sometimes antibiotics are prescribed to prevent infection and severe tooth pain. By consuming the mentioned items and following the recommendations of the dentist, the tooth will improve and you do not need to visit again. If the pain at the tooth extraction site is very severe, be sure to contact the dentist.

Complications of tooth extraction

Tooth extraction may be associated with complications and problems. If there are problems with your teeth during or after the treatment, you will face various complications. Sometimes tooth extraction causes damage to the side teeth. If you have a tooth filled or covered, it may be damaged during the extraction of the side teeth.

After tooth extraction, the side teeth will be sensitive, which will disappear after a while. If this sensitivity or burning does not go away after a few weeks, you should definitely see a dentist.

Lip numbness after tooth extraction

Another common problem that people face is lip numbness after tooth extraction. Anesthesia is one of the important steps that is performed before various dental treatments. Dental treatment is not possible without anesthesia and it will be associated with severe pain for the patient.

The greater the amount of anesthesia injected for the patient, the longer it takes for the mouth and teeth to come out of anesthesia. If the dentist does not have enough experience and expertise in anesthesia, the person may suffer serious injuries. This problem is especially greater during treatments that require surgery. In these cases, the nerve may be damaged and numbness will remain for the person forever.

If the numbness still remains in your lips and mouth a few hours after the dental work is done, it is better to visit the dentist. Some anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed by the doctor, which solves this problem.


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