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Jaw surgery complications and related risks

Jaw surgery, which is also called orthognathic surgery, improves the chewing system and corrects the shape of the jaws by correcting jaw relations. If jaw problems are to the extent that correction of jaw relations is required, then you will need jaw surgery.
In most cases, braces are placed on the teeth before surgery and during the recovery process after surgery until complete recovery and alignment. An orthodontist can work with an oral and maxillofacial surgeon to correct jaw defects in the best possible way. Some people believe that jaw surgery may have complications. In this article, we are going to examine the complications of jaw surgery in detail. Stay with us.

What is angulation of the jaw and how can it be done?

Maxillofacial Surgery

The best time for jaw surgery to reduce jaw surgery complications is after growth has stopped. Jaw surgery can solve these problems caused by jaw defects:

  • Improved chewing, which includes chewing and biting
  • Fixing problems related to speech and swallowing
  • Minimizing excessive wear and tear on teeth
  • Bite fit or jaw closing problems
  • Correction of facial imbalance such as correction of imbalance of small chins, orbits
  • Correcting the lips to close them completely
  • Relieve pain from Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) and other jaw problems
  • Repair of facial injuries or congenital defects
  • Eliminate obstructive sleep apnea

Chin and lower jaw reduction surgery

Complications of jaw surgery

In general, it should be kept in mind that it is possible to perform jaw surgery without complications or with minimal complications, provided that it is performed by a specialist and experienced doctor. However, if post-surgery care is not followed and the doctor is not skilled, the following problems and complications of jaw surgery may occur:

  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Nerve damage
  • Jaw fracture
  • Returning the jaw to its original position
  • Suture problems and jaw joint pain
  • Need for re-surgery
  • The need for root canal treatment
  • Loss of part of the jaw

After surgery, you may experience pain and swelling and problems with eating, which can be managed with nutritional supplements or consultation with a nutritionist.

Of course, it is good to know that minor bleeding is normal and should not cause concern. But if bleeding from the nose lasts for one or two weeks, it is an alarm. In general, soft tissue bleeding causes bruising, which is normal, but if these bruises extend to the lower part of the chest and the chest, it indicates severe bleeding that should be referred to a doctor immediately.

Numbness is also one of the cases that occurs after jaw surgery, which will be completely resolved within six months. If the person has undergone upper jaw correction surgery, he will feel numbness above the upper teeth, and if the surgery has been performed on his lower jaw, the person will feel numbness in the lower lip and chin. Gradually, the person will feel a tingling sensation in these areas and will recover completely.

Like any other cosmetic surgery, a person may get an infection, which, of course, can be minimized by following hygiene tips and post-operative care. But for a quick recovery, antibiotics will be prescribed for the patient to fix the problem.

Maxillary stenosis and treatment methods

Some notes

To prevent the complications of jaw surgery, jaw surgery should be performed by a specialist in oral and maxillofacial surgery. It is also good to know that this surgery will be performed under general anesthesia and in the hospital, and usually one to two days of hospitalization will be required.

The surgery is performed inside the mouth, so no scar will be seen on the face, chin, jaw or around the mouth. However, sometimes small incisions may be made outside your mouth.

To perform this surgery, your specialist doctor will make incisions in the jawbone to place them in the correct position. After this is completed, he may use small bone plates, etc., to hold the bones firmly in their new position. All these will gradually and over time be integrated into the bone structure.

In some cases, extra bone may be added to the jaw, in which case the surgeon will remove the bone from your hip, leg, or rib and fasten it with plates and screws in the correct place of the jaw. In other cases, the bones may be reshaped to better fit the face.

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