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Hidden tooth surgery

You may have forgotten about your tooth enamel pain as a child, but as an adult, your wisdom teeth remind you of your earlier life and can cause more pain than when you were a child. Hidden wisdom teeth are one of the most difficult teeth that occur during an adult’s life. Most humans have four wisdom teeth. Two wisdom teeth are located inside the upper gums behind the upper jaw teeth and two teeth are located in the lower jaw.

Wisdom teeth usually come out between the ages of 17 and 25, and if there is a risk of growing and coming out of the gum, it is called a latent wisdom tooth. If the hidden teeth, which no longer have suitable conditions for growth, are not easily removed from the gums, they cause many risks for the patient, which usually leads to tooth extraction. The impacted tooth causes pressure on the enamel of the adjacent molar, and this pressure causes many diseases, which we will talk about later.

Problems caused by impacted teeth

The hidden tooth cannot be cleaned, and on the other hand, because it is under the gum, it puts a lot of pressure on the gum tissue and its surrounding areas. This tooth causes the following problems for a person:

  • Pain and swelling inside the gums: This pain starts when the teeth start to grow and maybe with you for a long time. It makes eating difficult and the pain increases with the slightest pressure. This tooth puts a lot of pressure on the gum and its tissue.
  • Tooth decay: the impossibility of cleaning and brushing the gums puts a lot of pressure on the tissues, etc., which in addition causes infection in this area, which will lead to tooth decay.
  • Applying pressure on different teeth; this issue is one of the most serious problems of latent teeth because in this case the teeth grow horizontally and put pressure inside the vertical path of the enamel of the face. In general, all teeth are under a lot of pressure. If the distance between the teeth is small, the tooth deviates and is placed on top of the other teeth, which, in addition to damaging the tooth root, has a significant impact on the appearance of the person and causes the teeth to fall out. Creating a cyst in limited cases is another problem of this tooth.

How to perform wisdom teeth surgery

After anesthesia, an incision is made to enter the wisdom teeth. It can be important to get rid of the bone of embedded teeth with a cutter. When the doctor gets access to the hidden tooth, he decides whether the tooth should be divided into different pieces or not. After removing the tooth, the specialist stitches the cut part. If the sutures are not absorbable, visit the dental clinic to remove them after about a week, but if the dentist has used absorbable sutures, these sutures will gradually be absorbed into the gum tissue and there is no need to visit the dental clinic. Before performing the surgery, the dentist must perform oral and dental radiographs. Bleeding after surgery is somewhat normal, but if the bleeding does not stop, you should immediately inform your dentist and follow the necessary recommendations. If you are prescribed medication, take it on time. Using an ice pack on the day of surgery and a warm compress on the following days will help reduce swelling and pain. In the first few days, you should use soft foods so that there is no more pressure on the surgical area.

When is surgery for impacted teeth important and when is surgery not necessary?

Surgery to deal with impacted teeth is not always necessary and the need for surgery is determined through examinations, photographs, and the latest results of the dentist. Some of the cases according to which the dentist usually decides to prescribe surgery are:

  • Severe pain: the first component that we encounter is pain, which in many cases cannot be solved with basic treatments and disrupts a person’s normal life.
  • Damage to different teeth: Wisdom teeth grow unusually and cause the shape and form of different teeth to be confused. In situations where the pressure caused by this tooth is high, there is a need for surgical treatment.
  • Gum infection: lack of hygiene in this area causes the gums to become inflamed. When the gum infection spreads throughout the impacted tooth, surgery is required.
  • Bone infection: Failure to deal with gum infection on time will lead to jaw bone infection and various teeth. In such a situation, wisdom teeth should be surgically removed.
  • Infection of different parts of the body: the transmission of infection through wisdom teeth that are hidden can also cause many risks for a person, which show themselves through symptoms such as fever, swelling, extreme fatigue, body pain, etc.

How deep are the hidden teeth?

It is a specialized subject that the dentist in Toronto provides with more information than the person wants. Having enough information about the depth of these teeth enables the dentist to choose the right direction for treatment and the treatment process. For an in-depth description of hidden enamel compared to the occlusal plan (cent-occlusal), they can be placed into 3 unique classes or categories as follows:

  • Class A: A normal condition in which the enamel is not confined to the bone and the occlusal plan of the underlying teeth is at the same level as the occlusal plan of the adjacent teeth.
  • Class B: In this category, some teeth are neither completely outside the bone types nor completely inside the bone. Only part of the teeth are below the CEJ junction.
  • Class C: A hidden tooth that is not visible and is completely inside the bone area and no part of it has been removed. The occlusal plan of this tooth enamel does not always match the occlusal plan of the adjacent teeth.

By conducting examinations and taking complete photographs of the tooth enamel, the dentist will decide what the condition of the person’s wisdom tooth is and what class it is in, and whether tooth extraction is suitable for treatment or surgery.

Care after wisdom tooth surgery

The first step after surgical treatment is to place gas on the operation site and it should be kept under pressure for one to two hours. To achieve normal conditions, you should observe the following care factors after the operation:

The use of drugs prescribed by the dentist repeatedly and absolutely, each of them is prescribed within the field of pain and within the subject of completing the treatment process, which must be consumed at a certain time. It is highly recommended not to drink hot liquids for the first few days after the operation. Avoid putting pressure on the surgical site. Avoid any heavy physical activity, whether daily activities or sports activities. Rinse your mouth regularly with salt water. Do not use a straw to drink liquids. Avoid eating dry and hard food for a few days after the operation of the implanted tooth.

From the day after surgery, you can use your normal oral hygiene routine. Be careful not to damage the surgical wound, especially while brushing the tooth enamel. You can use auxiliary tools including Aqua jet to increase your oral hygiene. As blood leaks from the wound, the microorganisms in the mouth become active and turn the compounds in the blood into foul-smelling substances. In addition, you may feel a bad taste, and to solve these problems, you can use mouthwash containing zinc and hydrogen peroxide.

What are the symptoms of impacted teeth?

An impacted tooth may have the following symptoms:

  • Redness and inflammation of the gums
  • Swelling of the gums
  • Bleeding from the gums
  • Bad Breath
  • Bad taste in the mouth
  • Difficulty opening the mouth
  • Toothache while chewing food

Symptoms may be felt over weeks or months


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