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Gum sensitivity: reasons and treatment methods

Gum sensitivity is one of the common oral problems that can be caused by various reasons. This issue can cause problems such as bleeding gums, inflammation, and pain. Since this problem can have adverse effects on oral health and even the overall health of the body, knowing the principles of prevention and treatment is vital. In this article, the causes of gum sensitivity, its treatment methods, as well as ways to prevent this problem will be discussed.

Why are the gums sensitive?

Gum sensitivity may be caused by various reasons. These factors can include internal factors such as bacterial or viral infections and deficiencies in the body’s immune system. Also, external factors such as incorrect use of oral hygiene products, improper use of toothbrushes, and brushing with high pressure can cause sensitivity in this part of the mouth.

6 main reasons for gum sensitivity

  1. Bacterial and viral infections: Various infections such as gingivitis and gum abscesses can cause severe sensitivity in this area.
  2. Improper use of oral hygiene products: Improper or limited use of toothbrushes, toothpaste, or acidic foods can cause sensitivity and inflammation of the gums.
  3. Chemical compounds in oral products: Some oral products contain compounds that may cause sensitivity and inflammation of the gums for some people.
  4. Too much pressure while brushing: using too much pressure while brushing can cause damage and inflammation of the gums and thus increase sensitivity.
  5. Lack of teeth: Irregular teeth or teeth that are cracked or crowded can lead to factors similar to sensitivity in this oral area.
  6. Hormonal changes: Hormonal changes such as pregnancy, period, or hormonal changes during puberty can cause sensitive gums.

How is it treated?

To treat sensitive gums, the main cause of sensitivity must be diagnosed first. This includes implementing methods such as the use of antibiotics in case of bacterial infections, proper nutrition with the consumption of foods containing vitamins C and D, and the use of oral hygiene products with anti-inflammatory compounds.

4 ways to solve the problem of sensitive gums

  1. Regular oral hygiene: regular and correct use of toothbrush and dental floss along with the use of mouthwash and oral antiseptic solutions can help to improve and solve the problem.
  2. Consuming healthy foods containing vitamins: Consuming fruits and vegetables rich in vitamins C and D can help strengthen the body’s immune system and thus prevent gum sensitivity.
  3. Regular visits to the dentist: To periodically evaluate and follow up on the condition of the mouth and gums, it is necessary to visit the dentist regularly to ensure the health of the gums and teeth.
  4. Use of oral anti-inflammatory products: Using toothpaste and oral anti-inflammatory solutions that contain compounds such as chlorhexidine and fluoride can help reduce inflammation and sensitivity.

Professional dental methods for the treatment of tooth-protective tissue sensitivity

  • Deep Gum Cleaning (Professional Dental Solutions): The dentist may use deep gum cleaning methods such as scaling and root canals to deep clean the gums and remove bacteria.
  • Advanced gum treatments: Some advanced methods such as local antibiotic injections or the use of specific anti-inflammatory drugs can help improve gum sensitivity and inflammation.
  • Surgical procedures: In severe cases, surgical procedures such as gum surgery may accelerate the recovery of the gum condition and reduce its sensitivity.
  • The use of advanced imaging methods: The use of advanced imaging technologies such as digital radiography and tomography can help the dentist In Mississauga to diagnose gum problems and provide an accurate treatment plan.

Gum sensitivity in cardiac and diabetic patients and special patients

Heart patients: Heart patients may suffer from gum and tooth sensitivity for various reasons, including the use of certain medications or hormonal changes caused by heart disease. This can be dangerous for them because any gum inflammation can lead to other risk factors such as heart infections. These patients should see a heart patient dentist as soon as possible.

Diabetic patients: Diabetic patients are prone to gum inflammation and infection due to the body’s inability to fight infections. In addition, oral sensitivity in these people can lead to more serious consequences such as bacterial infections and further exacerbation of diabetes. Diabetic dentists can help these people.

Certain patients with weakened immune systems: Patients with weakened immune systems, including cancer patients who have weaker immune systems, are prone to gum infections and allergies. This issue can cause serious complications for their oral and whole body health and requires special care.

Patients taking certain medications: Some medications can cause side effects such as dry mouth and gum sensitivity. Therefore, patients who take certain medications should consult their dentist and consider appropriate strategies to prevent gum sensitivity.


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