Dental scaling (price, advantages and disadvantages, work steps)

You must have come across people who you wanted to stay away from because of their bad breath. Or the color and surface of their teeth is so dirty that you don’t want to look at their teeth while talking. When people do not care about the health of their teeth and do not brush their teeth after meals, a layer of food gradually settles on the teeth. These very thin and invisible layers are the same particles that are harmless at first and do not change the appearance of the tooth in any way, but it is enough for a few days to pass from the life of these thin layers. Little by little, they start to create a bad smell, and the foods that are no longer compatible with each other, turn into acids that cause cavities in the teeth and make them rot. Scaling in the dental office can effectively remove these dental plaques and create health for your mouth and teeth.
Do you want to go to a dental clinic to have your teeth scaled, but have concerns? Do you know its methods? Do you know how often you should do dental scaling? Read this article to get complete information about dental scaling.

What is tooth decay?

Dental plaque is a sticky and colorless layer of bacteria that accumulates on the teeth as a soft deposit, and the plaque is the microbial plaque that remains on the tooth for 24 to 48 hours and is not removed. It can be combined with minerals in oral saliva, which over time, minerals penetrate into it and harden and firmly stick to the surface of the teeth and cannot be removed by washing and brushing, and it is placed above and below the gums.
The subgingival mass is firmly attached to the surface of the root and its color is brown to black or greenish-black. The mass above the gum is usually creamy white to yellow and sometimes gray and causes the accumulation of bacterial plaque. If the tooth mass is not removed, over time it will penetrate deep into the gum and lead to gum degeneration.

Causes of dental caries

If you don’t brush your teeth for a few days and the layers of food sit on the teeth, all of them will be removed by brushing. But if the time interval and life of these layers reaches a few months or a few years, it is no longer easy to get rid of them; So that their yellowness will remain on the teeth and create an ugly appearance.
In addition to people who do not take care of their teeth, there are other cases that are caught in this problem. Smokers and drug users need dental scaling much more than other people. In addition to smokers and drug users, those who drink too much tea also suffer from tooth decay.
It is interesting to know that in addition to food, even the saliva itself causes an increase in plaque on the teeth. Therefore, even if we don’t eat for a while, the plaque will still sit on the teeth.

Benefits of dental scaling

Losing mass reduces tooth decay. Brushing and scaling of teeth also improves the swelling and inflammation of the gums and prevents this problem from becoming a severe gum disease. However, the benefits of dental scaling only last as long as the plaque does not form on the tooth again. Some patients who do not follow their oral and dental hygiene well, need periodical dental scaling.

How often do you need dental scaling?

It all depends on how much you care about the health of your teeth. Many people get rid of the heavy and accumulated plaque on their teeth with just one scaling, and after that they start taking care of their teeth and don’t need to do this anymore. If necessary, they can use the manual method. But what is clear is that everyone needs this work once a year so that the stains that cannot be removed with a tool like a toothbrush can be removed with stronger tools like a dental tool. The more you take care of your teeth, the easier, faster and unnecessary scaling is.

In the case of people who brush their teeth regularly, it is not so important to do this once a year. But if it is done by a skilled dentist, it is very good.
The fact that it is said that teeth scaling should be done every six months does not have a scientific basis for all people, and there are only limited people who, according to the diagnosis of a specialist dentist, need to scale their teeth every six months.

The cost of scaling and brushing teeth

To consider the price of dental scaling, several factors should be considered. Among these things, the costs of imaging, the expertise and skill of the dentist, and the costs related to deep scaling of the teeth. Regarding the costs of imaging, it should be said that not all people have to take pictures and according to the conditions of their mouth and teeth, the dentist makes this diagnosis. You should keep in mind that if the condition of your teeth is severe and you have bleeding gums, you may need to have your teeth cleaned more than once. Contact your dental clinic for more information about the cost of dental scaling.

Dental scaling methods

The process of removing plaque from the teeth is called scaling. Dental scaling is done in several sessions, and the patient must follow the dentist’s instructions in between sessions and follow the hygiene rules and use special mouthwashes.
There are two main methods to remove dental plaque, although some dentists use both methods. These two methods are described below.

Scaling with manual tools

In this case, your dentist uses a dental scaler and manually removes the plaques on the teeth. Since the dentist does not have the ability to see the plaques, he has to use his sense of touch to identify the areas of plaque and sediment on the teeth.

Scaling with ultrasonic tools

The ultrasonic dental scaler removes the plaques from your teeth with the vibration of a metal head. In this method, water spray is used to wash the plaques from the teeth and keep the head of the device cold.
In the following, we will describe the steps and how to remove dental plaque.

First stage: Scaling and gum curettage

When the factors causing infection remain in the gingival epithelium (covering tissue) surrounding the tooth after treating dental plaque and dental plaque, the treatment can be performed by performing gingival curettage. By removing the infected epithelium tissue and maintaining the healthy connective tissue in the lower layers, the laser creates a healthy gum tissue.
In most clinics, scaling and deep scaling of teeth is usually done in two to four sessions. The dentist numbs the gums using local anesthesia so that you don’t feel pain. In each session, a quarter of the mouth is treated for 45 minutes. If the gum disease is not advanced, scaling is done completely in one session.

The second step: scaling the teeth

You have probably seen or heard the term dental brosage together with scaling. Dentists brush the dental surfaces by dipping the teeth in a special paste and using a rotating device with a brush attached to the head. This work is usually used after scaling the teeth and to create a polished surface on the teeth, as well as to remove colors and stains that are not very sticky and to whiten the teeth.

Third step: Polishing teeth with AIRFLOW

Polishing teeth with Airflow is an ideal way to remove stains and discoloration caused by smoking and hookah, drinking tea and coffee, because in addition to whitening teeth, it completely removes dental plaque. This method is used to clean and open the fissures before filing the teeth. This method of scaling teeth by polishing the teeth without direct contact, pressure and heat improves the condition of the patient’s teeth and is superior to other periodontal treatment methods. In this method, an air spray, sodium bicarbonate and water jet are used to remove plaque and stains. In this method, the patient will not feel pain.

Laser tooth scaling

Bearing the cost of dental scaling and deep laser scaling of teeth is used both for prevention and as a treatment method. Scaling and teeth whitening with laser is used as a preventive measure.
After the deep cleaning procedures, the gum pockets and root surfaces are treated with a blue laser to improve the reattachment of the gum tissues. This relieves the inflammation and quick healing of the gum tissue and reattachs the gum tissue to the tooth.

AMD Laser device

In this method, bleaching gel is used on the teeth to whiten the teeth, and then the accelerator beam is directly irradiated on the teeth to achieve maximum optimal results. Laser teeth whitening is a safe and painless method. In this way, the color of the teeth can be whitened up to 8 degrees in less than an hour.
During the next session, the dentist will examine the gums again to check the recovery rate of the gum pockets. If the depth of gum pockets is still more than 3 mm, stronger treatment methods than laser teeth whitening are prescribed.

Does dental scaling hurt?

Many people who are planning to do dental scaling for the first time, have a question about whether teeth scaling hurts and what kind of pain it is. It should be said that this treatment method has very little pain that does not require any sensation. Of course, it is also important that if the mass on the patient’s teeth is severe, he will experience more pain and sensitivity.

Complications of dental scaling

Although the treatment methods of dental scaling and deep cleaning of the tooth roots are not dangerous, there is always the risk of gum bleeding and infection in the gums. To prevent this problem after scaling the teeth, the dentist may use antibiotic fibers on the gums for a week after the treatment. If you are at high risk of gum infection, you may be advised to use antibiotics before and after scaling to prevent bacteria from entering the bloodstream.

Care after scaling and brushing teeth

Be sure to include scaling once a year in your health plan.
If you experience bleeding in an area of ​​your gums while brushing your teeth, you definitely need to see a dentist.
Brushing your teeth carefully is one of the most important factors in preventing dental plaque, brushing your teeth for 30 seconds a day cannot help prevent dental plaque.
After scaling, be sure to use the mouthwash prescribed by the dentist. Because it is effective in healing the wounds left by scaling and stop using mouthwash one week after scaling.
If the tooth becomes sensitive after scaling, there is no need to worry, the sensitivity of the tooth will be removed after some time.
Tooth decay does not only happen in adults. Children’s teeth may also get tartar. If the dentist detects the presence of plaque in the periodical examinations, children’s teeth should also be checked for plaque. The calamities created on children’s teeth are the same as adults.

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