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Dental implants and their possible complications

Although dental implant surgery is very successful, implant placement is not suitable for everyone. Because in some people, it has the potential to cause long-term side effects. Dental implants are a long-term replacement for missing teeth. Dental implants and their possible complications are one of the issues that occupy the mind of every person before surgery; In this article, we will review it in full.

An implant is a titanium screw that a dental surgeon inserts into a jawbone. Within a few weeks, the implant and the jawbone come together. After welding, the implant can support a denture or crown.

The popularity of dental implants is increasing. The number of people who receive them increases by about 500,000 a year. This article provides information on implant success rates, follow-up care, and recovery time.

Dental implants and possible complications of surgery

There are some possible complications that may occur following dental implant placement. The following sections describe dental implant implantation and its possible complications.

Implant infection if left untreated

People should take good care of their dental implants to reduce the risk of infection. It is important to follow the dental surgeon’s advice about aftercare.

Treatment of the infection depends on the severity and location of the infection. For example, a bacterial infection of the gums may require antibiotics or a soft tissue transplant; Bacterial infection in bone, on the other hand, may require the removal of infected bone tissue and possibly implants, followed by bone and soft tissue grafting.

Gingival retraction

In some cases, the person may notice that the gum tissue around the implant begins to recede. This can lead to inflammation and pain. Prompt evaluation by a dentist is essential to prevent implant removal.

Implant loosening

In the first few weeks after DIS, the dental implant grows and fuses with the jawbone. This process is called osseointegration and is critical to the long-term success of the implant. This process can take months.

If the implant does not attach to the bone, the dental surgeon may remove it. After the area has healed, the person may be able to have the implant done again.

Nerve or tissue damage

Occasionally, a dental surgeon may inadvertently place a dental implant too close to a nerve. This can cause prolonged numbness, tingling or pain. A 2012 study found that nerve damage can lead to reduced quality of life.

A neurological or tissue problem needs immediate attention. Damage to the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) in the mandible can be very serious. Some of the possible symptoms of a reliable source of IAN damage include:

  • Persistent numbness on the side of the implant, including the lower lip and chin
  • Persistent pain or discomfort
  • Tingling, or burning in the gums and skin

Less common problems with implant placement

Maxillofacial dental implants can protrude into the sinus cavities and cause the sinuses to swell. This is known as sinusitis.

Some potential symptoms of sinusitis include:

  • Pain, tenderness, or swelling around the cheeks, eyes, or forehead
  • Green or yellow nasal mucosa
  • Blocked nose
  • Decreased sense of smell
  • Sinus headaches
  • Toothache
  • Bad Breath
  • A high temperature

Damage caused by excessive force

As with any tooth, excessive pressure or impact can cause the dental implant to crack or loosen. Some people may apply excessive force to their dental implants without realizing it. For example, some people grind their teeth or gnash their teeth while sleeping.

People who are prone to this behavior may need to wear mouth guards to prevent damage to the implant as well as their natural teeth. Peri-implantitis is a disease of the gums that causes the destruction of the bone that supports the implant. It is caused by chronic inflammation at the implant site.

According to a trusted source in 2017, the progression of the pre-implantitis period and the onset of symptoms may take about 5 years. These symptoms usually include bleeding or swelling around the site of the dental implant.

There is also a rare possibility that the body will reject the dental implant. According to a 2019 study, researchers are investigating the dangers of using dental implants made of titanium or other metals.

Some people have a rare metal allergy that causes their body to reject metal implants. Researchers recommend that people be tested for metal sensitivity before receiving such implants.

Who should have dental implants?

Dental implants are a good solution for people who are replacing teeth damaged by severe caries or trauma. However, there are two potential problems with dental implants: suitability and success rate. The following sections will discuss these in more detail.

Necessary measures after implant placement


One of the key problems with dental implants is that they are not suitable for everyone.

To receive a dental implant, one must be in good general health. They should also have healthy gums and healthy jaw bones, as these structures support dental implants throughout a person’s life.

Dental implants are not suitable for children because their facial bones are still growing.

Success rate

Sometimes, dental implants may fail. Health care professionals classify implant failure into one of two categories: premature failure (which occurs before implant placement) or late failure (which occurs after a period of implant placement).

The success rate of dental implants is about 95%. However, they may be among people who:

  • Smoking and smoking
  • They have diabetes
  • They have gum disease
  • They have performed radiotherapy in the jaw area
  • Take certain medications

Dental implant care

The best way to ensure the success of dental implants is to follow the recommendations of postoperative care. After implant placement, one should avoid eating hot foods and drinks while unconscious and follow a soft diet for at least a few days. It is also important to avoid strenuous exercise for 2 to 3 days to prevent increased blood flow and swelling from that area.

Like a person’s natural teeth, implants and surrounding tissues need regular cleaning. The person should floss the area at least once a day after the gums have healed and use interdental brushes to reach the most difficult areas.


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