Avulsion means the removal of the tooth from the alveolar socket or the bony cavity that contains the tooth. This problem often occurs due to sports events, fights, or accidents. But what to do if it happens? Read on to find out what to do if your teeth fall out.
This issue is one of the most serious dental emergencies. Of course, if the treatment is done quickly, there is a high probability of saving the tooth. For example, there is often a greater than 90% chance of saving the tooth if it is repositioned within 15 to 30 minutes.
When a tooth comes out of the mouth, the nerves, blood vessels, and supporting tissues are also damaged. Nerves and blood vessels cannot be repaired, but if the dentist can quickly reposition the tooth, the supporting tissues have a good chance of reattaching to the tooth. When a tooth is avulsed, it is essential to see a dentist as soon as possible. But in the meantime, some measures are needed.
A person should take the tooth from its upper part and its crown and avoid any contact with the root part. If the tooth is dirty, you can keep the tooth under the tap for a few seconds, but you should not brush the surface of the tooth with a toothbrush or any other tool, because it will easily be damaged. When the teeth are cleaned, the tooth can be placed between the gum and the cheek. If it is possible to place the tooth in its place, it is preferable to place it inside the alveolar cavity.
Another method is to keep the tooth inside a retainer or carrier, which is the best choice for HBSS. This solution is compatible with periodontal ligament cells and can keep these cells alive for up to 24 hours because both its pH and osmolarity are ideal. If HBSS is not available, the next best choice is cold milk, saliva, or saline, each of which has its limitations.
Immersing teeth in saliva for more than an hour or two can be damaging. There is a possibility of transmission of infection through saliva.
The most important thing is to keep the teeth moist. If no other substance can be found, water can also be beneficial.
The dentist puts the teeth in place after washing them. Then he splints the tooth to the adjacent teeth. Which consists of connecting adjacent teeth through composite resin or an orthodontic system to fix them. Splinting helps the tooth to heal.
If the tooth is not in its correct place for any reason, you can use one of the following methods to bring the tooth to the nearest treatment center:
Therefore, when these incidents occur, you can implement the best option of the above methods by keeping your cool.