Correction of skeletal relationships

There are many questions for people who are planning to have their teeth orthodontic. Orthodontics is not only for beauty and fixing teeth. Correction of skeletal relationships is one of the most important advantages that orthodontics has for different people. This advantage is a point that patients pay less attention to. For this reason, they don’t know much about it and they only get to know about it if a dentist in Canada specializing in oral and maxillofacial surgery talks about it. For this reason, in this article, we are talking about complete explanations about jaw skeletal relations, its problems and its treatment solutions. Stay with us to get answers to your most important questions about this. In the following, you will see a list of contents of this article.

What is meant by skeletal relationships?

First of all, we must know what skeletal relationships are. If we want to have a simple definition of this issue, we should say that skeletal relationships are the coordination between the jaw bone, teeth, chin and jaw. In fact, when a person has skeletal abnormalities in the jaw, he will need to correct skeletal relationships. In addition to the great impact they have on a person’s appearance, jaw abnormalities also cause other problems. In some cases, even the process of chewing and speaking of the patient faces a problem. For this reason, if there is a problem, it should be solved at the right time. Skeletal relationship problems are of different types. In the next part, we will talk about their types.

What does the skeletal relationships of Class II and Class ΙΙΙ mean?

As we mentioned in the previous section, there are different types of jaw anomalies, which in medical science are classified into two categories: class ΙΙ and class ΙΙΙ. Class II malformation is a type of jaw disorder, in which the upper jaw is seen in front of the lower jaw. It is possible that the upper jaw bones are too forward or the lower jaw bones are too far back. Class II anomalies are divided into two categories.
  • In the first type, there is a lot of overjet. That is, the upper and lower jaws are far apart.
  • In the second type of class II skeletal relationships, overjet is not much. The upper jaw teeth are very irregular. For this reason, the distance between the jaws may not have much effect. In this type of anomaly, deep bite is also very high. A deep bite means that the teeth of the upper jaw completely cover the teeth of the lower jaw.
Skeletal relationships of class ΙΙΙ are the opposite of the previous type. That is, the upper jaw is further back and the lower jaw is further forward. These people have reverse overjet. The treatment methods for this type of abnormality also depend on the doctor’s diagnosis and the patient’s age and conditions. In most cases, class ΙΙΙ skeletal relationships are associated with irregular teeth.

What is the cause of jaw abnormalities?

Skeletal relationships are problematic for various reasons. Some of these causes are preventable. But some causes, such as hereditary factors, are unavoidable and must be treated. We have stated the most important causes of Class ΙΙΙ and Class ΙΙ jaw disharmony.
  • Hereditary and genetic fields.
  • Finger and pacifier sucking for a long time in childhood.
  • Hard blows or regular blows to the jaw.
  • Overgrowth of one of the upper or lower jaws.
Since hereditary factors are the most important cause of problems in skeletal relationships, the definitive solution for There is no prevention. But by observing some points such as preventing finger or pacifier sucking during infancy and care against trauma, asymmetric development of the jaw can be prevented to some extent. Remember that the most important points about the correction of skeletal relationships is to refer to a professional specialist in the field of oral, maxillofacial surgery at the right time.

What is the solution for correcting skeletal relationships?

Now you know the different types of jaw deformities or improper skeletal relationships. Two important methods for correcting skeletal relationships are orthodontics and surgery. Many patients think that orthodontics is only used to straighten one’s teeth. Meanwhile, part of the process of correcting skeletal relationships is also done using orthodontics. In some cases, by removing a few teeth, the doctor helps to straighten the teeth and reduce the pressure on the jaws. Tooth removal is another method used to correct skeletal relationships. The problems of patients who refer to correction of skeletal relationships in childhood and before puberty are sometimes solved without surgery and with the help of orthodontic and orthodontic orthopedic devices. But if you go to the doctor after puberty and full growth of the jaws, you will most likely need jaw correction surgeries in addition to orthodontics. Of course, in some cases, according to the doctor’s diagnosis, the necessary treatments are done after full growth. However, a person with jaw disorder and asymmetry should be under the supervision of a doctor since childhood. With this work, it is possible to correct skeletal relationships at the best possible time.

What is the solution for correcting skeletal relationships?

Undoubtedly, the best time to correct skeletal relationships is during puberty. At a young age, a doctor can repair palatal abnormalities with the help of orthodontics and the use of orthopedic devices without the need for surgery, and fix and repair skeletal relationships. But if the patient takes action after puberty or in adulthood to improve the problems of jaw bone incoordination, the treatment process will be more complicated. Because in this case the jaw bones have evolved and will not change anymore. Therefore, the required changes should be done using orthodontics and jaw surgery.

What are the problems caused by not correcting skeletal relationships?

Many people think that the abnormalities in the jaw only affect the appearance of the patient. But if you do not take action to repair and restore skeletal relationships, many problems may arise for you.
  • Jaw abnormalities increase the possibility of tooth decay.
  • Crowding and disorganization of the teeth make the process of chewing more difficult.
  • The patient may also have difficulty speaking.
  • Oral hygiene is more difficult for malformed jaws.
  • A person’s self-confidence is weakened under the influence of the unusual appearance of the jaw.

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