We have heard a lot about the connection between various diseases of the body, lack of vitamins, and even congenital diseases with oral and dental problems, and we have learned well the necessity of observing oral and dental hygiene and maintaining the health of teeth, especially in children. Autism is one of these diseases, which is unfortunately a huge challenge.
It is interesting to know that significant relationships have been seen between mental illnesses and oral and dental problems. One of these relationships has been seen in children who have psychological problems.
“Autism” is a kind of mental illness that refers to introversion or a kind of depression in children. Researchers at one of the American universities have recently discovered that children with “autism” will have oral and dental problems, so these children should be regularly examined by a dentist and their mental illness should also be taken care of.
In America, one out of every 200 children has “autism” and the prevalence of this disease in boys is three times that of girls. What causes oral and dental problems in these children is not the disease itself, but the drugs that are given to the child to improve the symptoms of the disease. The most common side effect of these drugs is dry mouth. With less saliva in the mouth, the possibility of natural washing of the teeth with saliva decreases and the risk of caries spread increases.
Almost all medications prescribed for “autism” in children can cause dry mouth. On the other hand, these drugs may cause swallowing problems or inflammation of the oral tissue and salivary glands. Others may change the child’s sense of taste or cause involuntary facial movements in the lip or tongue area. Anti-autism medications can sometimes affect dental treatments.
For example, one of these drugs called “carbamazepine” disrupts blood coagulation. Children receiving this medicine should be checked for coagulation factors before any dental surgery.
On the other hand, many of these children do not like to be touched or cannot sit still for a long time in the dental chair, which disturbs the dentist during work.
Vomiting and teeth grinding are common among children with this disorder. Repeated vomiting causes tooth enamel to dissolve and weaken. Children with this disease should brush their teeth twice a day under the supervision of an adult and be regularly examined by a dentist in Windsor. The dentist should be well informed about the mental condition of these children and all the medicines they take.